Sabtu, 26 Mei 2012

Tugas Bahasa Inggris Mencari Passive Voice Dalam Artikel

Artikel 1
Indonesia accepts FIFA ban on national coach
The Jakarta Post | Thu, 04/19/2012 1:13 PM 
 
Aji Santoso: (Tribunnews.com)
Indonesia coach Aji Santoso has been banned for four games and fined by FIFA for accusing match officials of taking bribes during a 10-0 loss to Bahrain in World Cup qualifying [1].
The Indonesian Football Association and Santoso said on Wednesday they accepted the punishments but didn't rule out an appeal. Santoso, now coaching the national under-23 side, was fined $6,530.
Santoso was red-carded by Lebanese referee Andre Al Haddad in the 75th minute of February's match in Manama following allegations he accused Al Haddad of being bribed [2].
FIFA said Santoso told the officials “(there is) money involved (here).” [3].
In the second minute, Al Haddad sent off Indonesia's goalkeeper and awarded four penalties to Bahrain, which needed to make up a nine-goal deficit on Qatar to have a chance of advancing to the next round.
However, Qatar drew 2-2 with Iran, and those two advanced.
FIFA called the outcome "unusual" and launched an investigation.
Indonesia was warned by FIFA before the match to send its strongest team, but an inexperienced team was selected after Indonesia suspended players from clubs in the breakaway Indonesian Super League.
Edi Ellison, the spokesman for the Indonesian association, said they will wait to decide on an appeal after the result of FIFA's probe.
Because of the loss to Bahrain and the breakaway league, the government was planning to cut funding to the association.
Sumber :

Penjelasan :
1.    Indonesia coach Aji Santoso has been banned for four games and fined by FIFA for accusing match officials of taking bribes during a 10-0 loss to Bahrain in World Cup qualifying [1].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Present Perfect.
2.    Santoso was red-carded by Lebanese referee Andre Al Haddad in the 75th minute of February's match in Manama following allegations he accused Al Haddad of being bribed [2].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Simple Past.
3.    FIFA said Santoso told the officials “(there is) money involved (here).” [3].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Simple Present.


Artikel 2
A story of romantic love
Prodita Sabarini, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Sat, 02/12/2011 12:24 PM 
 
Sweet Valentine: Baker Emily Jones decorates chocolate hearts at the Lake Champlain Chocolates factory in Burlington, Vermont, on Feb. 11.AP/Toby TalbotFor many, February is the month of romance.
Valentine’s Day on Feb. 14th gives people a momentum to celebrate love and express it to their object of affection.
The classic formula to mark the occasion usually includes a romantic dinner for two, red roses, chocolate, candy and a greeting card. For those with more money to spend, a holiday getaway and jewelry might come into the picture.
Those skeptical of the day’s hype might refuse to partake in the consumerist frenzy, saying that love should be celebrated on any day of the year. Romantics, who love the special occasion, meticulously plan their activities on Valentine’s Day. And there are those who don’t mind being given a reason to be romantic [4].
But for every type of person holding different opinions on Valentine’s Day, romantic love is more than dinner and gifts. It is the one drug that everyone loves — as long as it lasts. It gives people energy, sparks creativity, and makes a besotted person incredibly focused on one’s object of affection.
Romantic love is a great motivator and a muse for art. The many poems dedicated to love is testament to that. Love drives people to go the extra mile. The fear of loosing love and jealousy can drive people to the worst of actions, from stalking to murder.
Beyond kowtowing to the demands of a commercialized Valentine’s Day, The Jakarta Post asked people what they did when driven by this intense emotion, and what their perception of romantic love was.
Most answered they wanted an everlasting relationship. A happily married mother of one said love was an illusion, referring to the roles of dopamine and serotonin in our brains. Others say they believe in love in a metaphysical manner. And an editor-cum-artist dreams of a noncommittal everlasting love.
The feisty, 25-year-old Bali-based editor Annisa Dharma said romance or the feeling of infatuation drives her to “assemble beautiful words that woo”. It had also driven her to make what she called “grand gestures”.
“I’ve moved countries for a boy. I’ve made a song for a boy [5]. I’ve created art for a boy. I’ve let go of my ambition for a boy,” she said.
Annisa said her actions were driven by romance [6].
“I think romance is more of a language. Romance and love don’t go hand in hand,” she said.
“Personally, I can’t be romantic to someone I truly love, and likewise, when I don’t love a person, I can be the most romantic person ever.”
However if she really loves someone, she would not do anything to hurt or harm herself. “Because I’d trust them with all my heart,” she said.
Annisa added she would want love to last forever. “Thus, no commitments…Free and liberating.”
She however would not mind getting married “if I found the right one, in which the relationship didn’t change regardless of the married status. That would mean getting married purely as an act of romance… which is fine,” she said.
For 28-year-old Yolanda Nirmala, love has such a powerful effect on her it made her think twice
about her religion and chose to live without it. She said she found peace as an agnostic.
“Would it makes sense to you if I told you that being in love once led to me being agnostic? That’s how powerful love is in my life,” she said.
Coming from a conservative Muslim family, Yolanda fell in love with a man who had a Catholic upbringing. She was in her early 20s, in college; meanwhile, her partner was in his early thirties.
Their families disapproved of their relationship because they came from different faiths. They continued to date in secret for fear of being separated [7].
She and her partner devised a plan to elope to Singapore and live abroad. They started to save up money for their planned future together.
During this time, she started to question religion.
“I started to lose my faith in religion. I started to ask myself: ‘What is the point of religion have if it used to hate other people?’ Because of a different religion, one can hate and stay away from others?”
Life sent her on another path, Yolanda said, as her boyfriend was killed in a car accident in their two years of relationship.
“I was sad as sad can be. But the thing that didn’t die with him, was me being an agnostic,” she said. “I don’t feel there is a strong reason to fit in boxes that separate people.”
For 29-year-old Ramdan Sudrajat, love has made him do things he never imagined he could do.
“I cleaned my girlfriend’s father’s behind when he was ill after having a stroke,” he said.
“I even surprised myself. I have never even seen my own father naked. That’s the power of love,” he said.
The relationship with his girlfriend eventually fizzled. That was around 2006 he said, and he was over it.
“Failure is normal. Even though I regret the decision to break up. I still remember her as a part of the story of my life,” he said.
“I think love is when you put your trust and hope in someone whom you wish to be your life companion and who will be by your side until you get old,” he said.
While Ramdan is looking to forge a lasting relationship soon, Yolanda said she was not in a rush and was looking for a mature relationship, with a solid long-term plan. “If a guy says sweet things to me such as ‘I like you’ or something similar, until he proves it I would say it’s bulls**t,” she said. And until she finds that love, she is happy with casual dates.
Maria Ferrari, 33, a mother and a singer, has a very rational perspective on romantic love. She believes it is an illusion, and the emotion comes from a combination neurotransmitters in the brain.
“In reality, [most] humans whether they realize it or not are self-centered,” she said. “For me, the deepest and craziest [thing one can do] for ‘love’ is to keep it unspoken.”
She believes a committed relationship occurs when two people agree to want to “know” their partners.
“The ‘want’ is full of conflict. And often it becomes a drama, just like sinetron,” she said. Maria added there was no time frame in getting to know one’s partner. “Because humans are dynamic,” she went on.
Despite her rational perspective, Maria enjoys being infected with the emotions.
“Being high and low is exciting. Because [sometimes] that is what people look for. So life doesn’t feel that bland,” she said.
Scientists have explained love through neuroscience. A professor of Neuroscience in Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, Larry Young. wrote in scientific journal Nature, that love could be explained by a series of neurochemical events in a specific area of the brain. From his research Young finds that oxytocin levels in the brain may enhance humans ability to form trusting relationships.
Meanwhile anthropologist Helen Fisher states that different neurotransmitters such as testorerone, dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin have roles in the phases of romantic love, which are lust, attraction and attachment. In her articles, Fisher wrote that when someone faces rejection, the body goes into protest and also a renewed passion that she coined “frustration attraction”, which results from the prolong effect of dopamine.
To cope with all the highs and lows of love, Maria suggested being conscious of all these emotions.
Taking advice from meditation teacher, she said: “Consciously enjoy everything, and observe”.

Penjelasan :
4.    And there are those who don’t mind being given a reason to be romantic [4].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Present Continous.
5.    I’ve made a song for a boy [5].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Simple Present.
6.    Annisa said her actions were driven by romance [6].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Simple Past.
7.    They continued to date in secret for fear of being separated [7].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Present Continous.


Artikel 3
Transjakarta feeder-bus route set for Bekasi
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 03/28/2012 10:35 AM

The Jakarta Transportation Agency will on Wednesday launch a new feeder-bus route to support the Transjakarta busway between Bekasi and the Pulo Gadung terminal in East Jakarta.

Jakarta Transportation Agency chief Udar Pristono said that the route will start at the Pulo Gadung bus terminal and pass through Jl. Raya Bekasi, the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, the Jakarta-Cikampek toll road and Jl. Cut Mutia before ending at the Bekasi terminal.

The route will use bus stops in front of the Social Ministry office and the Bekasi Trade Center, which are both on Jl. Muladi Joyomartono, and in front of the Bank Mandiri office and the Hiba Utama bus depot on Jl. Raya Bekasi, Udar said during a press conference in Jakarta on Tuesday
Each passenger will have to pay a fare of Rp 9,500 (US$1.05), comprising Rp 6,000 for the feeder bus and Rp 3,500 for the Transjakarta bus.
The bus is a high-deck-type with a capacity of 85 passengers, like a Transjakarta bus.
But unlike its Transjakarta counterpart, the feeder bus will be powered by diesel fuel, not compressed natural gas (CNG). “Fifteen buses will serve the route, with a total capacity of 17,340 passengers per day,” Udar said.
He said that he hoped the feeder buses would see commuters from Bekasi who usually used cars or motorcycles to get to Jakarta be converted into using public transportation.
“It cannot absorb the passengers as targeted if commuters still use cars and motorcycles instead of taking public transportation,” he said.
Udar gave the example of the feeder-bus route that stops in front of City Hall, which only has seen around 100 passengers a day utilize the service.
“We have provided the facility but people do not want to use it,” he said.
The agency also demanded that the Bekasi administration provide adequate facilities for passengers, such as parking lots and restaurants, to support the region’s growing bus system.
Based on research from the Greater Jakarta Urban Transportation Policy Integration Project (JUTPI), the number of people commuting from Bekasi to Jakarta grew more than 60 percent in eight years.
There were 423,000 people commuting daily from Bekasi to Jakarta in 2010, compared to 262,000 in 2002.
From the 423,000 Bekasi-Jakarta commuters, 51.1 percent used motorcycles and 29.1 percent drove their cars.
Just 16.3 percent of commuters used bus services and 3.1 percent, or 13,113 passengers, traveled by train each day.
Anisa Titisari, 23, a Bekasi resident who frequently goes to Jakarta to meet with friends, said that she was pleased with the administration’s plan.
“It would be a lot easier to get to Jakarta. I usually have to change several public transportation services to reach Jakarta,” she told The Jakarta Post. However, she hoped that the buses would journey closer to her house in Harapan Indah because it costs her Rp 5,000 to travel to the Bekasi bus terminal.
Several feeder-bus systems have been created by various private real-estate agencies operating in Jakarta’s outskirts, such as in Tangerang and Cikarang.
These private services have been developed to help residents and clients get to Transjakarta bus stops or terminals [8].
Penjelasan :
8.  These private services have been developed to help residents and clients get to Transjakarta bus stops or terminals [8].
Kalimat Passive Voice di atas masuk kedalam bagian Present Perfect.

2 komentar:

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